In 1644, John Milton's treatise Areopagitica was published.
In 1889, the first jukebox was placed in service in the Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco.
In 1890, the independent Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was separated from the Netherlands.
In 1919, the first play-by-play football game broadcast by radio in the United States described Texas A&M's 7-0 shutout of the University of Texas.
In 1936, Life magazine made its debut.
In 1943, the U.S. Marines took control of the Gilbert Islands from Japanese forces following a fierce 76-hour battle.
In 1945, World War II rationing ended in the United States on all foods except sugar.
In 1954, China announced it had convicted 11 U.S. airmen and two civilians of espionage.
In 1980, an earthquake in Naples, Italy, killed 4,800 people.
In 1992, the United States lowered its flag over the last U.S. base in the Philippines, ending nearly a century of military presence in its former colony.