The alleged hackers acted "with the aim of making a profit for themselves or for others," the court document says. The Italian police inquiry was aided by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, which said the hackers targeted victims in the U.S. and Europe.
Draghi's email at the Bank of Italy was hacked in the summer of 2016, according to the suspects' arrest warrant issued by Rome pre-trial Judge Maria Paola Tomaselli. Draghi served as governor of the Italian central bank from 2005 to 2011. An email account belonging to Renzi was also hacked, the document says.
The ECB, Renzi's Democratic Party and the Bank of Italy declined to comment when contacted by Bloomberg. A person familiar with the matter said the Frankfurt, Germany-based ECB had no indication of a successful email breach there.
Among the hackers' targets were oil group Eni SpA, multinational power company Enel SpA and technology company Leonardo Finmeccanica SpA, the court document shows. Political parties, law firms, politicians and ministries were also targeted.
The suspects tried to obtain confidential and sensitive data, especially on banks, at the ECB in Frankfurt and at the Bank of Italy in Rome, according to a person familiar with the investigation, speaking on the condition of not being identified by name.
The two arrested are suspected of obtaining information on national security, serious illegal access to a computer system and illicit interception of computer communications in an investigation led by Rome prosecutors, an Italian police statement said.
Thanks to a wide network of computers infected with malware called "Eyepyramid," the pair allegedly obtained from a large number of victims "confidential information and sensitive data over many years" which was stored on U.S. servers, according to the police statement.
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